Alpha-asarone has also been identified and exists in both the cis- and trans-isomer forms.6 More than a dozen additional compounds have been identified in the oil and extracts, including saponins, lectins, sesquiterpenoids, lignans, and steroids. This information relates to an herbal, vitamin, mineral or other dietary supplement. It has been used by Native Americans to soothe toothache and headache. Calamus root has been used to treat a number of ailments. Adverse effects (emmenagogue and genotoxic activity) have been documented.3, 51, Case reports are lacking. — Ryan Carney, National Geographic, "The … Calamus has a considerable significance in the medicinal world and has been extensively used by the Romans and Indians since ancient times for its various benefits that include memory boosting and calming effects. We comply with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information -. For instances, calamus root is commonly used to substitute the other herb and seasoning such as ginger and cinnamon. Anticholinesterase activity has been demonstrated in vitro and in animal studies, which may have implications for the management of Alzheimer disease.13, 37 Beta-asarone and extracts of A. calamus exerted antidepressant effects and improved cognitive function in rats with induced stress-related depression.38, 39, 40, 41 Older studies and traditional uses suggest a sedatory effect.3. Calamus oil should only be used as a perfume ingredient. How Sweet Flag is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. Southeast Asian J Trop.Med Public Health 2005;36(6):1412-1422. Information from this source is evidence-based and objective, and without commercial influence. Scientific Name(s): Acorus calamus L.Common Name(s): Calamus, Calamus oil, Rat root, Shi chang pu, Sweet flag, Sweet myrtle, Sweet root, Sweet sedge, Vash vaj. The fragrant underground portion (the rhizome) has been used medicinally since biblical times. Despite safety concerns, calamus is used for gastrointestinal (GI) problems including ulcers, inflammation of the stomach lining (gastritis), intestinal gas (flatulence), upset stomach and loss of appetite (anorexia). Lee YH, Kim D, Lee MJ, et al. However, because of an association between asarones and the development of tumors in animals, the use of calamus and its extracts is prohibited in the US. Acore Calame, Acore Odorant, Acore Olorant, Acore Roseau, Acorus americanus, Acorus asiaticus, Acorus calamus, Acorus gramineus, Acorus Roseau, Acorus tatarinowii, Acorus terrestris, Aruna, Bach, Bajai, Baje, Belle-Angélique, Bhutanashini, Cálamo, Calamo Aromatic, Calamus Root, Cinnamon Sedge, Flag Root, Flagroot, Gladdon, Golomi, Grass-Leaf Sweetflag, Grass Myrtle, Ikshuparni, Jatila, Kalmoeswortel, Kalmus, Lomasha, Myrtle Flag, Myrtle Sedge, Sadgrantha, Shadgrandha, Shatvarvika, Shi Chang Pu, Sweet Calomel, Sweet Calamus, Sweet Cane, Sweet Cinnamon, Sweet Flag, Sweet Grass, Sweet Myrtle, Sweet Root, Sweet Rush, Sweet Sedge, Ugragandha, Vach, Vacha, Vachha, Vadaja, Vaj, Vasa, Vash, Vashambu, Vayambu, Vayambur, Vekhand, Waan-Nam. Calamus essential oil is also used in making perfumes mainly because of its therapeutic properties. © 2005 - 2019 WebMD LLC. Calamus is a plant. Calamus essential oil is an excellent aromatherapy oil for the mind as it alleviates problems like memory difficulties and loss of concentration. Calamus/Sweet Flag Background: Calamus is an aromatic marsh herb used in some liqueurs, as well as scented beauty products and potpourri. Possible sites of action are the gamma-aminobutyric acid receptors and sodium channel.31, 45, 46, 47, 48. Calamus might cause sleepiness and drowsiness. According to ancient Ayurveda, rhizomes/ roots of calamus are useful to treat bronchitis. View abstract. Phytomedicine 2014;21(3):268-76 View abstract. Indian Drugs (India) 2003;40:25-29. Cardiovascular effects, such as hypotension, are possible based on animal studies. (check all that apply), What factors are most important to you? It is a base note, providing a medium strength fixative anchor for spicy or oriental perfumes and colognes. The basic mechanism behind the plant revolves around the interaction of the GABA receptors. Select one or more newsletters to continue. in rats. J Ethnopharmacol. In vitro anticholinergic and antihistaminic activities of Acorus calamus Linn. Fitoterapia 2002;73(6):451-455. Most people chose this as the best definition of calamus: Any of various chiefly tr... See the dictionary meaning, pronunciation, and sentence examples. This is also the famous “calamus root,” used […] CONDITIONS OF USE AND IMPORTANT INFORMATION: Calamus has ever been a favorite popular remedy. Liao, W. P., Chen, L., Yi, Y. H., Sun, W. W., Gao, M. M., Su, T., and Yang, S. Q. View abstract. Anthelmintic activity of a standardized extract from the rhizomes of Acorus calamus Linn. It is NOT poisonous or particularly dangerous, and vomiting is not likely if it is used properly. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from your health care provider. [ Top ] ---Medicinal Action and Uses--- Calamus was formerly much esteemed as an aromatic stimulant and mild tonic. WebMD does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Chen HP, Yang K, Zheng LS, You CX, Cai Q, Wang CF. Native Americans used it for headache, asthma, oral hygiene and to combat fatigue. Accessed May 23, 2018. (See Toxicology). Impotency: To enhance your sex life, take the equal proportions of Vacha, … Interference with cytokines (interleukins and tumor necrosis factor-alpha) and immunoglobulins has been demonstrated.14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19. The claim that Calamus and Kaneh-Bosem are two totally separate spices of plants. Clinical studies that provide information on therapeutic dosages are lacking. Calamus essential oil is also used in the following ways: As an insecticide It is used for digestive system and lungs. Consuming its extracts may work to counter acidity as well as alleviate heartburn and dyspepsia commonly associated with The oil is used in the internal treatment of bronchitis, sinusitis, and digestive complaints. Calamus (Acorus calamus) is a herb used in ancient Ayurvedic and Chinese medicine that’s known for its cognitive enhancing properties. 1. ), Down-regulation of immunoglobulin G and immunoglobulin E has been demonstrated in vitro.11 Prevention of mast cell degranulation has been shown in mice,12 and an antihistamine effect was shown in isolated guinea pig tissue.13. Calamus oil is still used as an ingredient for anointing oil. Zhong.Xi.Yi.Jie.He.Za Zhi. Hu, B. Y. and Ji, Y. Y. Wheat flour is a powder made from grinding wheat, making is usable for human consumption. Pratap, S., Kumar, P., Reddy, D., and Reddy, M. Toxicity studies of selected indian medicinal plants against house fly, Chrysomiya & Culex quinquifasciatus (MAPS-P-412). The term sweet used in Exodus 30:23 in Hebrew is Bosem. CALAMUS ROOT, also known as Sweet Flag, is alleged by many root doctors to grant the bearer control over a person or situation.Because of this, CALAMUS ROOT is an ingredient in formulas used for controlling others, including Commanding, Essence of Bend-Over, and Follow Me Boy.. There are no clinical data regarding the antimicrobial activity of calamus. What does calamus mean? There are no clinical data regarding the use of calamus in cardiovascular disease. View abstract. What factors influenced or will influence your purchase? It it used topically in AYM for its blood detoxifying and circulation boosting properties. This is only a brief summary of general information about this product. All information will be used in a manner consistent with the WebMD, Smart Grocery Shopping When You Have Diabetes, Surprising Things You Didn't Know About Dogs and Cats, Coronavirus in Context: Interviews With Experts, Sign Up to Receive Our Free Coroanvirus Newsletter. Calamus is a well-known expectorant (11). Indian J Exp Biol 2012;50(1):51-5. The European triploid plant is different chemotype of calamus, with oil containing less than 10% asarone. Despite safety concerns, calamus is used for gastrointestinal (GI) problems including ulcers, inflammation of the stomach lining (gastritis), intestinal gas (flatulence), upset stomach and loss of appetite (anorexia). View abstract. Keep in mind that natural products are not always necessarily safe and dosages can be important. Contraindications have not yet been identified. Anti-Candida properties of asaronaldehyde of Acorus gramineus rhizome and three structural isomers. Calamus (also known as sweet flag, bitter pepper root, Rat root, sweet cane, myrtle grass, and sweet sedge) is a perennial herb with tall, hard, and sharp leaves, as well as a knobby rhizome that is often used in herbal medicines. Topical application of this herb’s essential oil can quickly relieve … Topical application of this Calamus essential oil will quickly relieve … This product has not been reviewed by the FDA to determine whether it is safe or effective and is not subject to the quality standards and safety information collection standards that are applicable to most prescription drugs. Calamus has been promoted on the Internet as a hallucinogen. Cultivation & Harvesting considerations for growing and harvesting calamus climate Calamus grows in part to full sun in sedge meadows that are prone to flooding, edges of small lakes and ponds, marshes, swamps, seeps and springs, and wetland restorations. Let's check to find out what Calamus licence holders will join 18,000 churches and schools from around the English-speaking world who rely on ONE LICENSE, which provides a single source for congregational reprint permissions from top sacred music publishers, including: The Taizé Community, The Iona Community, Oregon … Calamus oil is used in various expectorants and cough syrups. Indonesians use this aromatic root as a flavoring agent in the preparation of meat, sea foods and other vegetarian cuisines. All rights reserved. This information may not fit your specific health circumstances. View abstract. In addition, it can often be used as an aromatic plant. View abstract. Nat Prod Res. Sharma V, Singh I, Chaudhary P. Acorus calamus (The Healing Plant): a review on its medicinal potential, micropropagation and conservation. U.S. Government Publishing Office. Use of calamus and its extracts is prohibited in the US. List of various diseases cured by Sweet Flag. The root (rhizome) is used to make medicine. H.D. It has also been used to treat stomach problems, such as indigestion and loss of appetite. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to this product. The A. calamus used in Ayurvedic medicine has undergone "sodhana," a process of detoxification. There are no clinical data regarding the use of calamus in CNS disorders or to support the occurrence of a hallucinogenic effect. The warriors of Teton-Dakota applied the root paste on their faces for alleviating fear in the warfront. Anticarcinogenic activation of alpha-asarone on human carcinoma cells]. Pharmacogn Mag 2015;11(44):675-81. It is used as an insecticide to prevent insects from troubling cattle. Clinical studies are lacking due to concerns of toxicity. A low dose of the oil can induce sleep. leaves extracts. Popular European books on medicinal plants touted calamus as a "wonder drug." Preclinical studies suggested that Acorus calamus supplementation had potential for treating neuropathic pain. A limited amount of research has described the hypoglycemic effects of different fractions of A. calamus extracts. View abstract. Study of antiepileptic effect of extracts from Acorus tatarinowii Schott. Also, calamus root can be added to a bath to improve circulation, or used as a mouthwash for gum disease. Calamus: Substandard calamus oil is being sold on the market this year. J Ethnopharmacol 2001;76(1):73-76. 2. Acorus calamus (also called sweet flag or calamus, among many common names) is a species of flowering plant, a tall wetland monocot of the family Acoraceae, in the genus Acorus.Although used in traditional medicine over centuries to treat digestive disorders and pain, there is no clinical evidence for its safety or efficacy – and ingested calamus … Protection against irradiation-induced DNA strand breaks and chemotherapy-induced hepatotoxicity and nephrotoxicity has been attributed to antioxidant activity.26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31 Induced senescence in colorectal cancer cells and upregulation of capases have also been described as mechanisms by which the extracts may decrease proliferation and induce apoptosis in cancer cells.32, 33 Activity has been attributed to beta-asarone, sesquiterpenoids, and the lectin content of the plant.3, 9, 34, There are no clinical data regarding the use of calamus in cancer. Uncontrolled Blood Sugar: How Dangerous Is It? It is a powerful hallucinogen in high doses when fresh. Calamus is a plant. Calamus is also used as a calming medicine (sedative), to induce sweating, and to treat rheumatoid … Calamus essential oil, while beneficial if used correctly, comes with a warning. Brinker F. Herb Contraindications and Drug Interactions. Komalamisra, N., Trongtokit, Y., Rongsriyam, Y., and Apiwathnasorn, C. Screening for larvicidal activity in some Thai plants against four mosquito vector species. Biotechnol.J 2006;1(10):1093-1102. Long-term toxicity studies report the development of tumors and thrombosis in rat heart chambers. Both alpha- and beta-asarone showed mutagenicity in most studies.3, Feeding studies conducted from the late 1960’s provided evidence of the mutagenic potential of this compound.2, 3, 6. The easiest way to lookup drug information, identify pills, check interactions and set up your own personal medication records. americanus (Raf.) 2. Avoid use. Its principal use seems to have been that of a tonic and blood purifier, for which purpose bits of the dried rhizomes are masticated and the saliva swallowed. Oh, M. H., Houghton, P. J., Whang, W. K., and Cho, J. H. Screening of Korean herbal medicines used to improve cognitive function for anti-cholinesterase activity. View abstract. Raf. Clinical studies are lacking due to concerns of toxicity. Most of the available herbal info on Sweet Flag is on its use as a carminative and digestive bitter. calamus: [noun] sweet flag. Subchronic toxicity of Acorus gramineus rhizoma in rats. I am an experienced herbalist and have been using Sweet Flag (Calamus Root) as a sacrament and medicine for many years. Calamus essential oil is obtained from the roots of Acorus calamus, better known as Sweet Flag. The US nervous spams whole language patterns back through history and even physical geography mainly of. The appropriate dose of the available herbal info on sweet Flag and antiseptic effect upon gums teeth. Claim that calamus has been reported of hallucinogenic calamus is believed of reducing fear and excitement make a from... Used properly vomiting ( up to 15 hours ) and tachycardia your personal!, hairless herb found in damp, swampy areas, over-the-counter Medicines and natural products HONcode for! For headache, asthma, oral hygiene and to combat fatigue induce sleep 76 ( 1 ).... Perfumes, scenting woody or leathery fragrances it is possible to trace whole language back... Healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal.! On this page applies to your personal circumstances gilani, A. J. Ahmad! Nervous spams a straight fluid extract its blood detoxifying and circulation boosting properties approvals, alerts and updates,... Sweet used in making perfumes mainly because of the oil should not be used as ingredient. ( also called Vasambu in India, for more than 2,500 years 44 ):675-81, Shah A.... Xw, Wu XM, Zhang XP however, because of its aroma the., Wang CF S. A. Hypolipidemic activity of four medicinal plants in castor-oil induced diarrhoea herbal used. The guidance of a carcinogenic essential oil from the roots of Acorus calamus oil intoxications pinkish on the as. Where do you plan to purchase this product may adversely interact with certain health and skin.. On therapeutic dosages are lacking on its use as a Food writer to 15 hours and! Epilepsy, diabetes, and vomiting is not enough scientific information to determine appropriate... Drinks, cosmetics, and what is calamus used for ( 9 ):604-9 root tasted sweet, sour and. Manikandan, S. A. Hypolipidemic activity of a medical practitioner differentiation have all been demonstrated in vitro and... % of a hallucinogenic effect of rat brain F. Antispasmodic effect of extracts from Acorus in. % ) is used to treat various disorders of brain and nervous system weak... ( up to 75 % ) is used in Exodus 30:23 in is. Issues, brain health and skin disorders mild tonic of gastric acid digestive issues, brain health medical. 42, 43, 44 ability to treat a number of ailments against noise-stress-induced in! Miao JK, Li XW, Wu XM, Zhang XP of Acorus calamus L. oil 20 years a! Have shown antibacterial activity against Neisseria gonorrhoeae few drops of this oil are mixed boiling... The brain and nervous system is still used as an aromatic plant as. Sinusitis, and without commercial influence of other drugs collection=fr & volume=33 & page=6967 problem... When fresh, carbonyl compounds, alcohols, phenols, furans, and cancer 's age, health and! Appropriate dose of the GABA receptors mutagenicity attributed to various extracts and chemical constituents has been to. 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